(1.) Hebrews, pishet, pishtah, denotes "flax," of which linen is made (Isaiah 19:9); wrought flax, i.e., "linen cloth", Leviticus 13:47, 48, 52, 59; Deuteronomy 22:11.

Flax was early cultivated in Egypt (Exodus 9:31), and also in Palestine (Joshua 2:6; Hosea 2:9). Various articles were made of it: garments (2 Samuel 6:14), girdles (Jeremiah 13:1), ropes and thread (Ezek. 40:3), napkins (Luke 24:12; John 20:7), turbans (Ezek. 44:18), and lamp-wicks (Isaiah 42:3).

(2.) Hebrews buts, "whiteness;" rendered "fine linen" in 1 Chronicles 4:21; 15:27; 2 Chronicles 2:14; 3:14; Esther 1:6; 8:15, and "white linen" 2 Chronicles 5:12. It is not certain whether this word means cotton or linen.

(3.) Hebrews bad; rendered "linen" Exodus 28:42; 39:28; Leviticus 6:10; 16:4, 23, 32; 1 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 6:14, etc. It is uniformly used of the sacred vestments worn by the priests. The word is from a root signifying "separation."

(4.) Hebrews shesh; rendered "fine linen" Exodus 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36, etc. In Proverbs 31:22 it is rendered in Authorized Version "silk," and in Revised Version "fine linen." The word denotes Egyptian linen of peculiar whiteness and fineness (byssus). The finest Indian linen, the finest now made, has in an inch one hundred threads of warp and eighty-four of woof; while the Egyptian had sometimes one hundred and forty in the warp and sixty-four in the woof. This was the usual dress of the Egyptian priest. Pharaoh arrayed Joseph in a dress of linen (Genesis 41:42).

(5.) Hebrews `etun. Proverbs 7:16, "fine linen of Egypt;" in Revised Version, "the yarn of Egypt."

(6.) Hebrews sadin. Proverbs 31:24, "fine linen;" in Revised Version, "linen garments" (Judges 14:12, 13; Isaiah 3:23). From this Hebrew word is probably derived the Greek word sindon, rendered "linen" in Mark 14:51, 52; 15:46; Matthew 27:59.

The word "linen" is used as an emblem of moral purity (Revelation 15:6). In Luke 16:19 it is mentioned as a Mark of luxury.