Various regulations as to the relation between debtor and creditor are laid down in the Scriptures.
(1.) The debtor was to deliver up as a pledge to the creditor what he could most easily dispense with (Deuteronomy 24:10, 11).
(2.) A mill, or millstone, or upper garment, when given as a pledge, could not be kept over night (Exodus 22:26, 27).
(3.) A debt could not be exacted during the Sabbatic year (Deuteronomy 15:1-15).
For other laws bearing on this relation see Leviticus 25:14, 32, 39; Matthew 18:25, 34.
(4.) A surety was liable in the same way as the original debtor (Proverbs 11:15; 17:18).